The Agua Fria Ranch
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Cade & Jessica Richmond
Cade & Jessica Richmond
Re/Max Landmark

The Agua Fria Ranch

$11,623,837 23482.50 Acres
Property ID 6447088


The Agua Fria Ranch is a Big Bend Region Ranch located between The Big Bend Ranch State Park and Big Bend National Park in Brewster County Texas. The Southern portion of the ranch is home to the Agua Fria Mountain with elevations reaching 4,800 feet. At the base of the mountain is the sacred Agua Fria Spring with archeological wonders pre-dating written history. The Big and Little Black Ridges flank the Agua Fria Mountain to the west. North of the mountain, the terrain transitions from mountain to foothills to the Chihuahua Desert floor. Pristine Desert topography and ecology stretch across the central portion of the ranch. The ranches norther boundary is highlighted by The Pink Bluffs that tower against the desert landscape. The breathtaking formations boast colors ranging from pink to red. Alamo de Cesario Creek, which is surrounded by desert mountain terrain and canyon land of volcanic rock, transverses the far north portion of the ranch. The ranches varied landscape, solar gravity-flow whole ranch watering system and diverse vegetation is ideal habitat for the regions wildlife, including a large population of Aoudad. The Agua Fria Ranch is a once in a lifetime nature investment with Limited Environmental Alterations, a Historic Natural Spring, and a Landmark Mountain.

The Agua Fria Mountain

The sprawling 1,600 acre mountain is located 7 miles west of State Highway 118 and 18 miles north of Terlingua, Texas. At 4,800 feet above sea level, a metal State of Texas Benchmark designates the mountains peak. Terrain changes including deep ravines, gorges, dramatic cliffs, natural caves, and unique rock formations are excellent for Extreme Hunting and Mountain Hiking. Scattered ravines with solid rock floors capture pools of water on the mountain. Trophy Aoudad rams with horns measuring in excess of 32 inches utilize the natural water catches. 2 established hiking trails provide the only access to the pristine Agua Fria Mountain. Panoramic views from the mountain top to the desert floor include views of Glass Mountains, The Christmas Mountains, Big Bend Park-Mule Ears Peak and mountain ranges in Northern Mexico.

The Agua Fria Spring

Agua Fria is Spanish for cold water and refers to a large spring found at the base of the Agua Fria Mountain. The high cliff face forms a large protective over hang, beneath lies deep accumulations of ashes and burned rock from countless years of human dwelling. Colorful pictographs cover the lower reaching boulders and cliff face. One historian sited an extensive irrigation system built by Native American originating at the Agua Fria Spring.

A modern whole ranch watering system moves the natural spring water throughout the ranch. The ranch owners, in conjunction with the Natural Resources and Conservation Services, conducted extensive studies to determine the best and most effective ranch watering system. Solar Energy and Gravity Flow are utilized to move water from Agua Fria Spring to watering points across the ranch. Environmental Sustainable and minimally evasive storage tanks are located at designated areas of the ranch. The water system is a vital part of the wildlife and livestock management plan.

The Big Black Ridge & The Little Black Ridge

The beautiful Black Ridges runs just over 2 miles acres the South West Corner of the Agua Fria Ranch. Varied elevations include 3 points reaching nearly 4,000 feet above sea level. The black mafic rock rim was formed from slow flowing volcanic lava. Water from the Agua Fria Spring is piped to the Black Ridge. The Black Ridge is a favorite hunting area due to its Alpine Region native grasses. Areas of mild terrain make for pleasant hikes along the ridge. ATV trails provide fun access to the ridge. The Southern lookout point from the ridge is ideal for sighting wildlife on in the surrounding foot hills between the Black Ridges and the Agua Fria Mountain. Black Rock Draw can be seen from the ridge and is a western ranch boundary.

Alamo Creek

Alamo de Cesario Creek flows fourteen miles to its mouth on Terlingua Creek, north of Agua Fria Mountain in western Brewster County. The surrounding desert mountain terrain, canyonland 0f volcanic rock, and rough stony soils that support sparse grasses, cacti, scrubby desert conifers, and oaks. The creek's name comes from a legend about a Mexican girl named Cesaria, who was captured by Mescalero Apaches and taken to their camp at Agua Fria. There they tied her to an alamo, or cottonwood, tree. Friends and relatives of Cesaria followed the trail of her captors and rescued her, but the tree and the area became known as Alamo de Cesaria, or Cesaria's Cottonwood.


The Agua Fria Ranch has an extensive ranch road network allowing for travel across the beautiful, rugged, terrain. ATV, 4-Wheel Drive, & Horseback are excellent vehicles of travel on the Agua Fria Ranch.


Annual Livestock Grazing Lease

Guided Tours for Hunting, Birding, and Photography

Bunk House Group Retreats

Section of land is in an established lease for Sodium Bentonite Mining. Current Lease Began in 1960 and continues to have an excellent working relationship between the mining operation and the ranch ownership.


The Original Agua Fria Headquarter is located at the base of the Agua Fria Mountain. Today the area houses the spring house and solar pump for the whole ranch watering system. A small building provides shelter for the ranches only hard lined telephone.

The White House is centrally located on the ranch. The adobe dwelling has one bedroom, a kitchen with a wood stove, a small bath with propane heat. The full length screened porch provides a great area for summer sleeping to fully enjoy the Big Bend Areas Fresh Air. Livestock corrals and spring fed water traugh are located near the White House

The Ranchs northern Headquarters, The Whistler, is a cluster of buildings providing a great stay for hunting parties and other recreational groups. Beautiful Bluffs provide a natural protection for the buildings and form a portion of the livestock corals parameter. The Cook House contains a kitchen with wood burning stove, large cowboy dining room and a small bedroom. The bunk house is divided into 2 large group bunk house rooms, sizable enough for a dozen bunks on each side. The ranch shower house is a real luxury after a day enjoying the rugged beauty of the Agua Fria Ranch. Propane heated water is plumbed to a rock surround shower and sink.

Agriculture and Farming

Agricultural Uses

Livestock Type

Financing Options

Mortgage Options
Conventional Mortgage



Fireplace Type
Wood burning cook stove


Construction Status


Housing Type
Farm/Ranch House

Exterior Features
Covered Porch(es)
Guest Quarters

Pier & Beam



Barn Information
Equipment Barn

Land Type

Minerals - % Wind Owned

Number of Stock Tanks (water under 1 acre)

Property Type


Mountain-Foothill- Desert Floor


Lot Description
Horses Permitted
Rugged Mountain

Minerals Available
Oil & Gas

Present Use

Proposed Use
Residential Multi-Family
Residential Single

Special Notes
Virtual Tour

Type of Fence
Barbed Wire
Cross Fenced

Mule Deer
Whitetail Deer

Minerals - % Water Owned

Cattle Guard
Cattle Working Pen
Fenced for Cattle
Fenced for Horses
Holding Pen

Property Tax Exemption

Road Frontage Desc

No City Services
Outside City Limits
Private Road

Will Subdivide

Tax Data (Show Tax Data)

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Cade & Jessica Richmond
Cade & Jessica Richmond
Re/Max Landmark

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    NOTE: The information contained herein is provided as general information only and has been obtained from sources deemed reliable. It is provided without any guaranty, warranty or representation, expressed or implied, made by Lands of America, or any related entity, as to the accuracy or completeness of the information. The information is presented subject to errors, omissions, change of price or conditions, prior sale or withdrawal without notice. Prospective purchasers should make their own investigations, projections and conclusions concerning the information.